Notes or preamble to the Armory

The purpose of this list is to aid identification of coats of arms found in churches et cetera in the south-western counties of England.

The list includes details of sources, names, blazons, places and images.

The sources from which the armory is compiled are, except in the case of images or as otherwise acknowledge on this site, in the public domain.  The armory itself is copyright of J. S. M. Fox 2015 et seq.

The list has been collated from various sources, mostly of 16th & 17th century origin edited and published in 19th century.

The original publications are mostly easy enough to find on the internet and provide a wealth of detail in justification of the coats of arms, often with extra details of persons who used them.

All the publications are, of course, secondary sources based on a wide variety of evidence. No claim is being made here for the accuracy of the sources beyond the statement that someone at some time believed that each coat of arms given was used by someone of the name given.

 

Spelling of names can vary widely between and within sources. As far as possible, the list shows all the variant name spellings that the sources associate with a given coat of arms. Where mulitple coats of arms are shown for an individual or family then one name has been arbitrarily selected to group these coats of arms together. No suggestion is being made that the spelling used for grouping is any more valid or common than any other spelling variant within the group.
Obviously, people may have similar names without being related in any way by descent. For this and other reasons coats of arms may be totally different for people of the same name. Where appropriate in this list, within a name group the coats of arms have also been grouped to keep similar coats of arms together.
The sources sometimes give instances where arms are “quartered by” or “impaled with” other coats of arms. These have been included purely as an aid to identification.   Obviously a coat of arms may be found individually or quartered or impaled with some coat of arms not mentioned in the sources.

 

 

 

The places listed are those given in the sources as the principal seat of the person using the coat of arms, and places where the sources state that the coat of arms may be seen. Clearly, in the latter case, the arms may no longer be present. Where the $ symbol is included, the coat of arms has been observed in some form by the editors of this list since 2010.
In the “Name” column, a tilda (~) signifies that the named person was living in the reign of the monarch whose initial & number follow.
In the “Name” column, when preceding a year:
“c” signifies “confirmed,” i.e. the arms almost certainly existed prior to that year;
“g” signifies “granted,” i.e. the year in which the arms were granted, so possibly the earliest date for the arms in question;
“d” signifies that the named person died in that year.
 

In the “Blazon” column, [square brackets] are used if the editor is supplying the blazon for arms illustrated or “in the field” where tinctures or charges cannot reasonably be seen or assumed.

 

Descriptions in the original publications vary widely in style and spelling. Within and between sources different terms are found for describing the same charge or tincture. Within this list, descriptions have been reduced, as much as possible, to a common style, so that the differences in detail may be more easily compared and for the greater ease of computer searching.

In the “Blazon” column, therefore, some terms found in the sources are replaced by a synonym, of which some examples are listed below.

 

“a la quise” given as “at the thigh”
Armed, attired, horned – stags are attired, other horned beasts are horned, other birds & beasts are armed.
Barnacle [1] – a gripping device used to hold a horse still for smithying – given as bray.
Barnacle [2] – the barnacle goose – given as barnacle.
Bezant given as roundel Or
Bordure sable bezanty given as bordure Cornish (of #, where the number of bezants is defined)
Brake – same as Barnacle [1] – given as bray
Bretessed – given as counter-battled
Buck given as stag
Butchaxe given as dane-axe
Chaplet given as garland
Chevronel given as chevron
Cornish chough Sa beaked & membered Gu given as Cornish chough Ppr
Couple-closed given as cotised
Cross formy given as cross patty
Cross of St Julien given as saltire crossed
semy of crosses given as semy of crosses
Eaglet given as eagle
Esquierre given as squire
Estoile given as star
fer-de-moline given as millrind
Goblet given as cup
Grosing iron given as cripping iron
Hart given as stag
Hatchet, hutchet given as horn
Hethrake given as heathcock
Hobby given as horse
Hurt given as roundel Az
July flowers given as gillyflowers
[a file with 3 lambeaux] or [a file with 3 labels] = a label of 3
Lozenge, fusil, mascle – Kept separate because they tend to have distinct meanings in modern heraldry, but are probably interchangeable in most of the arms in this list.
Ogress given as roundel Sa
Ox given as bull
Pellet given as roundel Sa
Pilgrim given as palmer
Pine-apple = pine cone, not the modern pineapple, unless otherwise stated
Point (lower part of shield) given as base
Plate given as roundel Arg
Pole star given as star
Pomme given as roundel Vert
Reremice given as bats
Rest given as clarion
Roebuck given as stag
Saracen given as Moor
Scepter-hand given as hand dexter
Sea drake, shoveller – “a drake drawn … head Sa, breast & wings Arg, tail & body Sa” Carew
Spur rowel given as mullet
Torteaux given as roundel(s) Gu
Tower triple-towered given as castle triple-towered
Undy given as wavy
Vivre given as bar dancetty